What is a food pyramid? What are its components?
Some of us may not know what a food pyramid is, and what its ingredients are. So we were keen to have our article on the definition of the food pyramid and explain its components.
The food pyramid is a daily map or guide illustrating the different types of food foods that humans must eat. This food pyramid is illustrative of the required quantities of each type of food, which is needed daily. The food pyramid consists of a summit, a base and three groups between them. It was divided into a pyramid, according to what the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) said in 1900. The food pyramid consists of five groups of each group containing some types of food foods rich in vitamins, proteins and major minerals; they are a proportion and fit. Through this article, we will familiarize you with the ingredients of the food pyramid and the foods contained in each group.
There is the contents of healthy food pyramid 2019
- The first group (top of the pyramid)
The top of the food pyramid is a small group of foods that the body needs in small amounts and limited quantities. This collection is about the types of sugary foods and sweets, such as Oriental sweets, which make up the harissa, Basbosa and Kunafa, as well as Western sweets such as delicious chocolate cake, cupcake, brownies and many more. This is along with biscuits and cakes rich in oils, fats, butter and ghee. The body needs such types of foods, but in very limited quantities so that humans are not exposed to the risk of chronic health diseases such as obesity and obesity. However, a small amount of sweets and sugars are sufficient to provide the body with the required energy.
- The second group (Milk and dairy products)
The second group in the food pyramid is one of the most important food groups that the body needs in abundant quantities. It is a group of foods rich in calcium that are abundant in all types of dairy products and derivatives. This group helps to protect the bones of the human being from breakage or fragility. Dairy products help build bones and teeth, strengthen joints and enhance muscle health. This is because it contains a high percentage of calcium and many fat-soluble vitamins that benefit the muscles of the body. These foods are milk, yogurt, cheese, turkey, cheddar, white cheese, and cheese.
- The third group (proteins)
The third group is one of the most important components of the food pyramid, which occupies a great place within the components of the food pyramid. It is a collection of different foods that contain a large proportion of proteins. The human body needs abundant amounts of protein throughout the day. Proteins are abundant in all types of meats, whether they are red meats such as goat meat and lamb meat. The meat of birds and poultry, as well as seafood, such as fish and seafood, including shrimp, crab and Gendofli. In addition, proteins are present in leguminous foods such as lentils, beans, chickpeas, beans and peas. And also eggs rich in proteins and vitamins.
- The fourth group (Vegetables and fruits)
The range of vegetables and fruits is immediately followed by the protein set. They are no less important than the protein and calcium foods that the human body needs in large quantities. Vegetables and fruits contain a very high proportion of all types of vitamins, and complex carbohydrates. This is in addition to the quantity of many dietary fibers that cleanse the body of toxins and improve the digestion and output process. Vegetables also contain the main minerals and antioxidants. This group includes all kinds of fresh vegetables, leafy vegetables such as spinach, radish, lettuce, cauliflower and cabbage. Add to tomatoes, cucumbers, carrots and pepper. The most important fruits are oranges, apples, bananas, strawberries, kiwi, pomegranate, berries, melons and more.
- The fifth group (Pyramid Base)
The last component of the basic healthy food pyramid is its place at the base of the pyramid. The base of the food pyramid includes all the whole grains such as oats, and quinoa, wheat and barley. Also foods rich in carbohydrates and carbs are abundant in rice, bread, pasta and potatoes. These foods contain a wealth of minerals, vitamins, and dietary fibers that the body desperately needs. It also helps improve digestion.